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IIS - Heike Solga - 20/05/2022

NASP International and Interdisciplinary Seminars

 

Heike Solga (WZB - Berlin Social Science Center)
Do gender equality policies impact on gender differences in academic promotion – Some lessons learned from Germany

Chair: Gabriele Ballarino (NASP - University of Milan)
Discussant: Emanuela Struffolino (NASP - University of Milan)

20th May 2022, h. 14.30
Room B - NASP Graduate School
Via Pace 10 Milan 
and on Zoom


Abstract:
Gender equality in academia has received growing public attention in the last decades. Women's underrepresentation among professors is generated by two processes: the leaky pipeline (women's choices of not pursuing an academic career because of constrained conditions) and the glass ceiling (gender biases and discrimination in hiring and promotion processes even when women do apply). Concerning both processes, scholars agree that policy interventions are needed to countervail gender inequalities in academia.

The lecture will present recent findings from two studies focusing on glass-ceiling processes and ask whether policy interventions impact gender differences in academic evaluations.

The first study uses a harmonized survey experiments in Germany and Italy to examine gender biases in selection to assistant professorships. The two countries differ in their institutional policies to increase gender equality in academia: gender-based preferential selection policies in Germany versus standardization of research output in Italy.

The second study is linked to the constantly promoted policy recommendation to involve a substantial share of women in selection and appointment committees. The question is, however, whether this policy instrument in fact contribute to counteract the risk of conscious and unconscious gender biases in appointment processes for professorships. If not, the increasing amount of time that female professors spend on committee work due to these gender quotas would be in fact itself a source of gender inequalities concerning research time.

The study is based on a survey experiment with professors at German universities and asked these professors to assess hypothetical applicants for a full professorship in terms of qualification and the likelihood of being invited for a job interview. 

 

This seminar is part of the NASP International and Interdisciplinary Seminars Series 2022.

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